Some of the world’s biggest dams are located in Africa on the Nile, Congo, and Niger rivers. Here are the top 10 largest dams on the continent.
- The Bugali Dams – Uganda
The dam is located on the Nile River close to Lake Victoria and generates 250 MW. It is the biggest hydroelectric dam in Uganda and has been operational since 2012.
- The Tekeze Dam – Ethiopia
With a height of 188 meters, the Tekeze dam is the highest dam in Africa. Even though it stands so tall, it only has generates 300MW making it only produce one-twentieth of the hydro energy produced by its brother the Grand Renaissance dam.
- Kainji Dam – Nigeria
Located on the Niger River, this dam was built in only four years and was opened in 1968. It stands at 65 meters high and 550 meters wide and generates a total of 760 megawatts.
- The Akosombo Dam – Ghana
The dam sits at the base of Lake Volta and has a surface area of 8,502 square kilometres and stands as the largest reservoir in the world. The turbines generate 912 MW but the dam also serves as flood control.
- The Inga Dams – DRC
The Inga dams consist of 2 dams. Inga I generates 351MW and Inga II produces 1,424 MW. They were commeisioned in 1972 and 1982. Unfortunately the 2 dams currently operate at 50% due to poor maintenance. The government is also planning for Inga III.
- The Gibe III Dam – Ethiopia
The dam is located south west of the capital of Ethiopia and construction begun in 2007 and was completed in 2016. It produces 1,870 mw of power. With all the power it produces it ranks as the 4th largest dam in Africa.mbique
- The Cahora Bassa Dam – Mozambique
The Cahora Bassa Dam is located in Mozambique and has a capacity of 2075 MW. It is used for hydroelectricity. Most of the electricity is exported to South Africa but during the civil war in 1981sabotage prevented the generation of electricity for 10 years.
- The Aswan High Dam – Egypt
The dam is located in Southern Egypt and it took eleven years to build. It holds back 169 square kilometers of Lake Nasser and produces 2,100 MW. This high production capacity makes it the second-largest dam in Africa.
- Katse Arch Dam
Katse Arch Dam is located on the Malibamat’so River in the Kingdom of Lesotho and is the second-largest dam in Africa. The construction of the dam ended in 1996 and the reservoir was filled with water by 1997.
- Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam – Ethiopia
Formerly known as the Millennium Dam and sometimes referred to as Hidase Dam is a gravity dam on the Blue Nile River in Ethiopia. It has been under construction since 2011. The primary purpose of the dam is electricity production to relieve Ethiopia’s acute energy shortage and for electricity export to neighboring countries. The dam will be the largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa when completed, as well as the seventh-largest in the world.