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Extremist attacks, primarily in northern Nigeria, have killed tens of thousands of people since 2011, and displaced more than 2,5 million in the eight-nation Lake Chad Basin – including nearly a quarter of a million Nigerian refugees, according to the Global Conflict Tracker. AllAfrica’s Nontobeko Mlambo spoke to Dr Akinola Olojo, a senior researcher at the South African-based Institute for Security Studies, who studies issues of conflict, security and peace affecting northern Nigeria. Dr Olojo notes that the campaign against Boko Haram is a multi-dimensional one that goes beyond the use of force. He says that armed force against the group has its uses, but that the complex nature of the crisis necessitates multiple levels of management.

Many Nigerians in the northeast have fled Boko Haram attacks and now live in refugee camps.