Benin President Patrice Talon and Culture Minister Jean-Michel Abimbola traveled to Paris to formally seal the agreement.
The objects, including three totemic statues, jewelry, a scepter and a royal throne, are due to arrive in Bennin later this month — around 130 years after they were looted by French forces.
Return of Benin’s ‘soul’
Talon said he felt “overwhelming emotion” at recovering the treasure.
Benin’s president described the objects amounted to “our soul,” rather than, “cultural goods” — the term used by France to describe them.
He made the comments while at the presidential palace in the French capital, where France signed over the artifacts to Benin.
France’s President Emmanuel Macron, who was at the handover, hailed it as “a symbolic, moving and historic moment.”
The items are being removed from the Quai Branly museum in Paris.
In Benin, the artifacts will be exhibited at various sites, including a former Portuguese fort in the city of Ouidah, once a slave-trading hub, while awaiting the completion of a museum in Abomey to house them.
Why is France handing over the items now?
African museums have demanded for decades that European former colonial powers restitute stolen cultural artifacts. Experts estimate that 85 to 90% of African cultural artifacts were taken from the continent.
Recently the movement has gained greater traction.
French lawmakers last year passed a bill allowing Paris to return artifacts to both Benin and Senegal, another former French colony in west Africa.
Nigeria said last month it had agreed with Germany on the return of hundreds of so-called Benin Bronzes.
An advisory committee to the Netherlands’ government in 2020 found that the country should return looted art to its former colonies.